Stimuli of 4D technology and its impact on architectural design in the age of artificial intelligence

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Architecture, Modern Academy for Engineering and Technology, Cairo, Egypt


The paper discusses the advancements in 4D printing applications in architecture, the concept of 4D printing has revolutionized the field of architecture by introducing a new dimension to the construction process. Although it is based on 3D printing technology, more stimulation and stimulus-responsive materials are needed. Depending on specific ways that the stimulus and smart materials interact, as well as multi suitable. The research explores the concept of the four-dimensional printing system and its impact on the interaction of structures with environmental conditions, aligning with the technological advancements and breaking free from the constraints of three dimensions that have affected the fourth dimension, time. It was imperative to seek a more comprehensive framework, introducing the properties of the fourth dimension and understanding quadruple dimensional biomaterials to produce structures that are more adaptable to the surrounding environment. By integrating design stimuli with advanced 4D printing technology, smart materials and artificial intelligence.



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