The influence of Hassan Fathy architecture on modern housing trends within the city pattern

Document Type : Review articles


The Architectural Department, Collage of Engineering and Technology, Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport, Latakia, Syria


Hassan Fathy - one of the Egyptian pioneer architects for his interest in
the architecture of the poor that gave him international reputation – his
works are highly adapted with the foundations of sustainable and green
architecture. Hassan Fathy designs are to consider the use of: an inner
courtyard for natural ventilation and lighting, thick walls as baring walls
to transfer the loads of the ceilings, which are from vaults and domes.
The air catcher is also used to cool the air inside the spaces that could
assist in energy conservation, in addition to the use of the Mashrabiya,
the well-known Islamic ornamented element. Privacy (separation
between visitors and residence circulation) seems to be one of his design
obligations. Hassan Fathy system of construction has been criticized for:
the building height is limited to 2 to 3 floors, due to the use of loadbearing
walls and also to suit the natives building methods. This limited
its application only to open areas, villages or at desert. This article
proposes an application for using Hassan Fathy system of construction
inside the city.


Main Subjects